The coconut is the fruit of a palm tree, the Cocos nucifera. Coconuts consist of a mesocarp (fibrous covering), endocarp (shell), exocarp (the smooth outer skin) and copra meat or flesh. 

Mature nuts are consumed as such or processed for copra or desiccated coconut. The flesh, from which coconut oil is extracted, constitutes 40-70 percent of the weight of the husked coconut. About 36 percent of the flesh is a lauric oil.

Coconut is commercially grown primarily in the Philippines and Indonesia.

Further resources on coconut:  

United Coconut Associations of the Philippines: